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Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences >> Call for Papers Vol. 8 No. 3, March 2017

Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences

A Novel Real-Time Road Information Management Technique for Traffic Congestion Mitigation

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Author Angela-Aida K. Runyoro, Jesuk Ko
ISSN 2079-8407
On Pages 624-631
Volume No. 5
Issue No. 8
Issue Date September 1, 2014
Publishing Date September 1, 2014
Keywords Traffic Congestion, Mobile Application, Road Information Management System.


Abstract

Road transport is an inevitable requirement to the human civilization where it provides considerable economic and social benefits to the society. However, poor management of traffic flow imposes challenges such as traffic congestion. Problems arise when there is too much traffic for the available physical road capacity to handle. This causes the road transport to be less efficient and it causes excessive effect on the environment. In this paper, a novel road information management technique for traffic congestion mitigation is presented. From the literature, main challenge has been identified in collecting real-time road data for traffic management. This paper describes a technique for collecting and managing the road data while focusing on traffic congestion mitigation. A mobile phone based road information management system has been designed and developed. The system comprises of three subsystems which work together in road data collection, processing and information dissemination. GPS technology integrated in the mobile phones has been used for vehicle location data tracking. Results show that the real-time road data can be processed and utilized as traffic status information for road users; so that they can skip congestion by choosing less congested roads, adjust traveling time as well as choose proper traveling mode.
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