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Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences >> Call for Papers Vol. 8 No. 3, March 2017

Journal of Emerging Trends in Computing and Information Sciences

Benchmarking the Performance of Microsoft Hyper-V server, VMware ESXi and Xen Hypervisors

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Author Hasan Fayyad-Kazan, Luc Perneel, Martin Timmerman
ISSN 2079-8407
On Pages 922-933
Volume No. 4
Issue No. 12
Issue Date January 01, 2014
Publishing Date January 01, 2014
Keywords ESXi, Full-virtualization, Hyper-V, Para-virtualization, Virtualization, Xen


Virtualization is a technology that allows the physical machine resources to be shared among different virtual machines (VMs). It is provided by a software layer called hypervisor or Virtual Machine Monitor (VMM). The hypervisor abstracts the hardware from the operating system permitting multiple operating systems to run simultaneously on the same hardware. Many different hypervisors--both open source and commercial-- exist today and are widely used in parallel and distributed computing. While the goals of these hypervisors are the same, the underlying technologies vary. Our target hypervisors in this paper are: Microsoft (MS) Hyper-V Server, VMware vSphere ESXi and Xen. MS Hyper-V Server and Xen are micro-kernelized hypervisors which leverage para-virtualization together with full-virtualization/hardware-assisted virtualization approaches, while ESXi is a monolithic hypervisor supporting only full-virtualization/hardware-assisted approach. A series of performance experiments are conducted on each virtualization approach of the latest versions (at the time of this study which started in May 2013) for the mentioned hypervisors using Linux PREEMPT-RT as the guest operating system. This paper discusses and compares the results of these experiments.

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